Some of the best musicians in the world spoke with me long and deeply about music practice. That information and much more are in my next book, The Practice of Practice. A Kickstarter campaign is LIVE for The Practice of Practice until April 11, 2014. Learn more about the book, and how it’s different from any other practice book, get the best deal, and help bring the book into the world. It’ll be fun. I promise. Watch the short video.
Research begun by Carol Dweck in the mid-1980s explored the repercussions of how we think about intelligence. She identified two ways of thinking about intelligence that people hold. Either we tend to believe that intelligence is a fixed thing: you’re born with a certain amount of smarts and that’s what you have to work with, or you tend to believe that intelligence is something that can be cultivated and increased. n the couple of decades since that first study, she has labeled these “mindsets,” and you have either a fixed or a growth mindset.
I came across this wonderful graphic that does such great job of explaining Dweck’s theory in a small space and I wanted to share it.
The thing to remember is that we are complex creatures and this isn’t a black-0r-white distinction. We have both of these mindsets operating simultaneously. For me, learning about this was an eye-opener because it made me acutely aware of all the ways in which I had operated under a fixed mindset in the past, especially in high school which, if anyone’s keeping track, was nearly 25 years ago. Anyway, here’s the graphic. It’s from Dweck’s absolutely fantastic book, Mindsets: The New Psychology of Success.
It’s worth reading, but do keep in mind that it’s written from a pop-psych perspective and you might be better off reading her original (much shorter) articles. The material in the book is best summed up by the graphic below. I’ll post a review of the book sometime this summer, after the PhD is in the bag. In the meantime, I urge you to check it out anyway. Here’s the graphic:
- Mindest (II): You and IQ (drjstewart.wordpress.com)
- Mindset (III): Fixed and Growth (drjstewart.wordpress.com)
- Mindset (IV): Relationships (drjstewart.wordpress.com)
- How to Succeed by Expecting Failure (bigthink.com)
- Michelangelo’s Mindset (psychologytoday.com)
- Changing My Mind (synthesistchronicles.wordpress.com)
- Carol Dweck’s Mindset (gasstationwithoutpumps.wordpress.com)